If landscape study concludes that the landscape appears ineligible for the National Register, a clear statement should be made listing the reasons for that conclusion. The reasons should be expressed in terms of failure to meet the National Register criteria, lack of significance, or loss of integrity, as appropriate. SHPO concurrence in the finding will conclude the landscape study. Ineligible properties require no further study or consideration for the purpose of this project under Section 106.

If the landscape appears to be eligible, the finding must be well justified in terms of National Register criteria, significance, and integrity. The statement must identify the appropriate criteria, reasons for eligibility, contributors and noncontributors, boundaries, level of significance, and period of significance. For a landscape which appears eligible, provide a complete justification for the finding, explaining why this landscape similarly to or as opposed to others within the same context should be found eligible. For example, more than one citrus landscape might be found eligible in the same context, but it is unlikely that all citrus-growing areas would equally meet the National Register criteria for significance and integrity.

Document findings with photos and maps, preferably showing both current and historic appearance, and assess visual qualities. Careful documentation of contributing and noncontributing features and description of essential physical features are critical to assessing project effects. Remember that the landscape as a whole is the historic property, but the component parts must be understood and described. SHPO concurrence in the finding ends the eligibility study. The next step is to assess project effects on the eligible property.