- 2010 Standards
- Aesthetic Barriers
- Blue Star Memorial Highways
- Classified Landscaped Freeways
- Community ID
- Context Sensitive Solutions
- Erosion Control Toolbox
- Gateway Monuments
- Main Streets
- Mission Bells
- New Product Review
- PS&E Guide
- Roadside Toolbox
- Safety Roadside Rest Area System
- Scenic Highways
- Transportation Art
- Visual Impact Assessment Outlines
- VIA Training
- Water Conservation
Erosion Control Toolbox
Planning & Design
Improve Soil Health
- Soil Rehabilitation
- Local Topsoil
- Imported Topsoil
- Roughen Soil Surface
- Stepped Slopes
- Contour Grading and Slope Rounding
- Decompact Soil
- Incorporate Materials
Improve Soil Health & Provide Cover
Short Term Cover
Long Term Cover
Steep Slope Techniques
- Stepped Slope
- Cellular Confinement
- RECP Flap
- RECP Flap with Brush Layering
- RECP Wrap
- Soil Filled RSP
- Wire Blanket
- Wire Mesh Confinement
- Plant Selection
- TransPlant Application
- Noxious and Invasive Species
- Drill Seed
- Dry Seed
- Native Grass Sod
- Brush Layering
Low Impact Development
- Sidewalk Stormwater Planter
- Sidewalk Stormwater Tree Trench
- Parking Stormwater Planters
- Permeable Paving
- Additional Resources
- RUSLE2 Quick Start
Fiber is used as a carrying agent and a mulch in hydroseeding. Application rate varies based upon fiber material, slope roughness, slope steepness, seed type. Select one of the fiber products from the detailed information provided below.
When to Use this Product?
If you are uncertain which fiber to select, specify wood or a wood/cellulose combination.
Wood fiber is manufactured from wood or wood waste from lumber mills or urban sources. Wood fiber is applied at a total rate of 600 to 2,000 pounds/acre, either in a single or two-step application.
- Wood fiber biodegrades more slowly than paper.
- Wood fibers are longer than paper. These fibers mesh together to reduce erosion.
- Wood requires less moisture to apply than paper.
- Wood holds more moisture and releases moisture more slowly than paper .
- Wood permits more air to pass through to seed. At rates up to 3000 lbs/acre, wood permits air to pass to the seed to prevent die off.
- Wood fiber costs more per pound than paper fiber.
Cellulose fiber contains fibers of shorter length than wood fiber mulches and is typically made from recycled newsprint, magazine, or other waste paper sources. Cellulose mulch has shorter fiber lengths than wood fiber mulches because they are produced from fiber initially manufactured to create smooth surfaces for paper products and other non-mulch uses. When applied, the shorter fibers of cellulose products may clump rather than interlock.
Paper fiber is typically applied at the rate of 2,000 to 4,000 pounds/acre.
- Cellulose fiber costs less than wood fiber.
- Applied at higher rates, cellulose fiber may create a "paper mache" type layer, leading to poor seed germination.
Cellulose and Wood Fiber Blend
Blended mulches of 50% wood fiber and 50% cellulose fiber combine the performance characteristics of wood fiber, which interlocks for erosion protection, and the economy of clean, recycled paper fiber for bulk.
Cellulose/Wood blended fiber is applied at a total rate of 600 to 2,000 pounds/acre, either in a single or two-step application.
- Less expensive than wood mulch alone.
- Combines the erosion protection benefits of wood with the cost efficiencies of paper.
- More expensive that cellulose mulch used alone.
Alternate fiber is composed of long strand, whole natural fibers made from clean straw, cotton, corn, or other natural feed stock.
Alternate fiber is applied at a total rate of 600 to 2,000 pounds/acre, either in a single or two-step application.
- Caltrans Transportation Lab - California Test 226 - Determination of Moisture Content by Oven Drying
- Water-Holding Capacity for Hydromulch Technical Report (CA-DOT-TL-2167-1-76-36)
- David Steinfield, Scott Riley, Kim Wilkinson, Thomas D. Landis, Lee Riley, et al. 2007. "Roadside Revegetation, An Integrated Approach to Establishing Native Plants" Accessed 2009-07-16.
- Michael Hogan, 2009. "Sediment Source Control Handbook, An Adaptive Approach to Restoration of Disturbed Areas" Accessed 2009-07-16.